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Hace hoy treinta años… - Chuck Fisher's LiveJournal [entries|archive|friends|userinfo]
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Hace hoy treinta años… [ Tuesday, 22 Nov 05 | 18:28 ]
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(English version follows)

Hace hoy treinta años que Juan Carlos de Borbón y Borbón era proclamado rey de España por las Cortes del franquismo y asumía la jefatura del Estado, tras la muerte del dictador dos días antes. Todavía con el cadáver del general córpore insepulto y en un clima de gran incertidumbre, el Rey apelaba en su discurso a los españoles a entender "con generosidad y altura de miras que nuestro futuro se basará en un efectivo consenso de concordia nacional".

Juan Carlos I aseguró: "Deseo ser capaz de actuar como moderador, como guardián del sistema constitucional y como promotor de la justicia. Que nadie tema que su causa sea olvidada; que nadie espere una ventaja o un privilegio". Era un lenguaje nuevo que sorprendió por su frescura, y con el cual se refirió también a la estructura territorial de España asegurando que "permite reconocer dentro de la unidad del Reino y del Estado las peculiaridades regionales, como expresión de la diversidad de pueblos que constituyen la sagrada realidad de España. El Rey quiere serlo de todos a un tiempo y de cada uno en su cultura, en su historia y en su tradición".

Anoche, treinta años después, el Rey tiene muy claro que es el pueblo español quien merece un homenaje. "Un homenaje -dijo- de gratitud, respeto y admiración" por su "esfuerzo, generosidad, responsabilidad y sacrificio volcados en la decisiva tarea de hacer de España un país moderno, abierto y solidario".

Un país, insistió, "unido, a la vez que plural y diverso, patrimonio de todos los españoles por igual". "Nunca podemos sentirnos satisfechos cuando se trata -afirmó- de servir a España. Eso, y mucho más, es lo que merecen España y los españoles".

Thirty Years Ago Today…
Thirty years ago today Juan Carlos de Borbón y Borbón was proclaimed king of Spain by Franco’s Cortes [Congress] and assumed head of State, after the death of the dictator two days before. Still with the corpse of the general lying in state and in a climate of great uncertainty, the King appealed in his speech to Spaniards to understand "with generosity and loftiness of views that our future will be based on an effective consensus of national concord".

Juan Carlos I assured: "My desire is to be able to act as a moderator, guardian of the constitutional system and promoter of justice. That no-one be concernend that their cause is forgotten; that no-one waits for an advantage or a privilege ". It was a new language that surprised by its freshness, and with which he also talked about the territorial structure of Spain assuring that "it allows to recognize within the unit of the Kingdom and the State the regional peculiarities, like expression of the diversity of towns that constitute the sacred reality of Spain. The King wants it all to be at the same time and each one in its own culture, its history and its tradition ".

[Spain has historically distinct regions like Catalonia, where I live, and the Basque Country. During the Franco era a single language and culture was being imposed as in the case of France today. There was considerable resentment over the prohibition of “historical rights” of various regions by Franco.]

Last night, thirty years later, the King knows very clearly that it is the Spanish people that deserves homage. "A tribute—he said—of gratitude, respect and admiration "by its "effort, generosity, responsibility and sacrifice in the decisive task of making Spain a modern, open, and shared in common country".

A country, he insisted, "united, simultaneously plural and diverse, and heritage of all Spaniards being equal". "We never can feel as satisfied as when one works—he affirmed—to serve Spain. That, and much more, is what Spain and Spaniards deserve".

Comments
King Juan Carlos I is generally given credit as much as any one person of transitioning Spain from the Franco dictatorship to the modern democracy that it is today. Even many anti-monarchists praise Juan Carlos I for his efforts. A recent poll conducted in Iberoamerica found him to be the “most respected world leader.” Quite an accomplishment for the King of their former colonial masters!

Spain has taken a very different approach than neighboring France in preserving regional languages, heritage, traditions, and culture. Since Spain is a relatively new democracy it still undergoing "growing pains". But it appears to have a very bright future. I think many Spaniards would describe their country with the same words that the King does: modern, open, plural and diverse.
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