Many of you who have been reading my blog for some time know that I have a variety of citrus growing on my terraza. Except for two lemon trees, all are grafted on dwarf rooting stock, making them perfect “patio” trees as they are called in California.
Where I live is particularly conducive for growing citrus as this is USDA hardiness zone 10. And being on the coast means there is less diurnal temperature change. They grow citrus commercially around Valencia, about 300 km (200 miles) southwest of El Masnou.
During late winter, citrus shows up in stores and this year there was a new variety that I hadn’t seen before, Pursha.
“Citrus limon pursha”
Shown before re-potted.
After waiting three months, I finally ate the fruit shown here.
It was sweet, but not all that flavorful.
Before buying one, I of course had to do some research. I encountered several conflicting descriptions:
1. Limon Pursha: This variety of lemon was classified in the 16th century and is highly productive. Thought to be a sweet lemon/mandarin cross, the Limon Pursha flowers all year round, producing flowers and fruit at the same time, at differing stages of ripeness. The fruit is peeled in the same way as a mandarin and has a very pleasant flavour.
This easy to grow variety is a cross between a lemon and a lime and produces highly fragrant white flowers and mandarin type fruit.
3. Limmeta 'Pursha' Roman Lime: Referred to as a Roman lime, this is an ancient variety dating back to the 17th century and is a natural cross between a lime and orange. Produces an abundance of fragrant flowers and delicious sour-sweet fruits.
4. Sweet lime from Rome: Probably a hybrid of the lime and the orange or of the lime and the myrtle-leaved orange. The fruit are globular and with a depression at the poles; the peel does not stick to the pulp, which is sweet and sour and tasty.
OK, so a Pursha could be a:
- sweet lemon/mandarin orange cross
- lemon/lime cross
- lime/orange cross
- lime/orange hybrid or lime/myrtle-leaved orange hybrid
I also have growing on the terraza:
- Kumquat (Fortunella margarita)
Makes a very nice marmalade. The skin is thin and sweet, the pulp is rather acid.
- Limequat: a cross between lime and kumquat.
Great to flavor drinks like tea or cola and dishes like fish.
- Calamondin (Citrofortunella microcarpa): a cross between tangerine and kumquat.
- Chinotto: also called the "myrtle-leaved orange tree" (Citrus aurantium var. myrtifolia).
The chinotto fruit is an essential flavor component of most Italian bitters.
All citrus trees are of the single genus, Citrus. They remain largely interbreedable; that is, there is only one “superspecies” which includes grapefruits, lemons, limes, and oranges. Fruits of all members of the genus Citrus are considered berries because they have many seeds, are fleshy and soft, and derive from a single ovary.